International Holocaust Remembrance Day
By Hanni Yang
Published January 27, 2022
First, let's light the candle of remembrance and join our hands together in prayer as we recall the horrific genocide of the 1930s to 1940s—The Holocaust.
A lot of people may not know the history of the Holocaust. It was a tyrannical and inhumane moment in history when ten thousand, hundred thousand, millions of people were slaughtered just because of their ethnicity and religion.
What is the Holocaust?
The Holocaust was the organized, government-sponsored persecution that took place from 1933 to 1945 when six million Jews and non-Jewish minorities, including Romani and Sinti, Serbs, political dissidents, people with disabilities, LGBTQ+, and Jehova's Witnesses were persecuted by the Nazi regime and its allies and collaborators.
At that time, the leader of Germany was a fascist and antisemitic named Adolf Hitler. His beliefs made Jews and non-Jews suffer. Hitler's religious persecution led to the genocide of six million Jews. Fortunately, around 300,000 Jews managed to survive.
What caused the Holocaust?
There are two factors that caused the Holocaust: fascism and antisemitism.
Fascism is a nationalist and often racist political philosophy with a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictator, using the severe economic and social regiment, and forcible suppression of opposition.
Antisemitism, hatred, and prejudice against Jews, was a basic part of Nazi ideology. It was the foundation of the Holocaust. This prejudice was also widespread throughout Europe.
During the mid-twentieth century, the extermination of the Jewish people was carried out as a result of the growth of fascism and antisemitism. A lot of people left their hometowns and were displaced, unable to return to their homes, and even unable to go back to their country.
What did others do for survivors of the Holocaust?
Numerous countries accepted the Jewish people in exile. Righteous people were united. A resolute struggle was waged against fascism. This is also one of the causes of World War II.
With the help and support of the people of many countries, the world went through a long and remarkable war. Finally, people hit the fascists, and the killing of the Jewish people was stopped.
As a result of the Holocaust, many survivors found themselves living in displaced person camps meaning that they have to wait for a long time to emigrate to new homes.
An internally displaced person (IDP) is one who has been forced to migrate for similar political reasons as a refugee but has not migrated across an international border.